A Three Point Assessment Protocol for Tympanoplasty Outcomes: A Retrospective Analysis

P. Naina*, Apar Pokharel, Kamran Asif Syed, Mary John, Ajoy Mathew Varghese, Mary Kurien

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction The surgical outcome of chronic otitis media (COM) of the mucosal type in the pediatric population with high rates of recurrent tympanic membrane perforation is indeed a concern for the attending surgeon. Objective The present study was done to evaluate the outcome of tympanoplasty in children with chronic otitis media mucosal type. Methods A retrospective analysis of the medical records of all children, aged < 16 years old, who underwent tympanoplasty for COM of the mucosal type was performed. These patients were addressed by a three-point assessment, for predicting outcome of tympanoplasty, which included the age of the patient, addressing the nasal/pharyngeal issues, and the status of the COM (discharging or dry). Surgical success was assessed in terms of graft uptake and improvement of hearing. Factors affecting the surgical outcome were also analyzed. Results A total of 90 children underwent type 1 tympanoplasty; 7 were lost to followup and 10 had incomplete audiometric results. In the 73 tympanoplasties analyzed, graft uptake was seen in 91.7% of the patients. Children with longer duration of ear discharge (> 8 years) had greater hearing loss. Children aged > 8 years old showed statistically significant higher chance of graft uptake (p ¼ 0.021). Five of the six children who had graft rejection had bilateral disease. Conclusion A three-point assessment in the management of pediatric COM of the mucosal type offers good outcomes with post-tympanoplasty graft uptake rates > 90%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E438-E443
JournalInternational Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Chronic otitis media
  • Mucosal type
  • Outcomes
  • Pediatric
  • Tympanoplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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