A study on knowledge, attitude, and practice towards premarital carrier screening among adults attending primary healthcare centers in a region in Oman

Omar A. Al-Farsi, Yahya M. Al-Farsi, Ishita Gupta, Allal Ouhtit, Khalil S. Al-Farsi, Samir Al-Adawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Despite that hereditary diseases are widespread among the Arab population due to high rates of consanguineous marriages, research regarding community awareness towards premarital carrier screening in some countries such as Oman, is extremely scarce. This study aimed to investigate knowledge and attitude towards premarital carrier screening (PMCS) in Oman. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire which was distributed to 400 Omani adults aged 20-35 who attended primary healthcare institutions at the South Batinah Governorate in Oman. Results: The majority of the participants (84.5%) believed that PMCS was necessary, and about half of them (49.5%) supported the view of making PMCS compulsory. On the contrary, approximately one third (30.5%) of the participants reported that they were not in favor of taking the blood screening test. Overall, unwillingness to perform pre-marital testing was associated with female gender, younger age, being single, less education, and increased income. Conclusion: Despite the relatively high level of knowledge, about one third of the participants were still reluctant to carry out premarital testing. Such attitude calls for immediate need for community-based campaigns to encourage the public to do premarital testing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number380
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 17 2014

Fingerprint

Oman
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Primary Health Care
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Hematologic Tests
Marriage
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education
Research
Population

Keywords

  • Hereditary diseases
  • Oman
  • Premarital carrier screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{408f5ae516514511bfde304e4808f665,
title = "A study on knowledge, attitude, and practice towards premarital carrier screening among adults attending primary healthcare centers in a region in Oman",
abstract = "Background: Despite that hereditary diseases are widespread among the Arab population due to high rates of consanguineous marriages, research regarding community awareness towards premarital carrier screening in some countries such as Oman, is extremely scarce. This study aimed to investigate knowledge and attitude towards premarital carrier screening (PMCS) in Oman. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire which was distributed to 400 Omani adults aged 20-35 who attended primary healthcare institutions at the South Batinah Governorate in Oman. Results: The majority of the participants (84.5{\%}) believed that PMCS was necessary, and about half of them (49.5{\%}) supported the view of making PMCS compulsory. On the contrary, approximately one third (30.5{\%}) of the participants reported that they were not in favor of taking the blood screening test. Overall, unwillingness to perform pre-marital testing was associated with female gender, younger age, being single, less education, and increased income. Conclusion: Despite the relatively high level of knowledge, about one third of the participants were still reluctant to carry out premarital testing. Such attitude calls for immediate need for community-based campaigns to encourage the public to do premarital testing.",
keywords = "Hereditary diseases, Oman, Premarital carrier screening",
author = "Al-Farsi, {Omar A.} and Al-Farsi, {Yahya M.} and Ishita Gupta and Allal Ouhtit and Al-Farsi, {Khalil S.} and Samir Al-Adawi",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-14-380",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A study on knowledge, attitude, and practice towards premarital carrier screening among adults attending primary healthcare centers in a region in Oman

AU - Al-Farsi, Omar A.

AU - Al-Farsi, Yahya M.

AU - Gupta, Ishita

AU - Ouhtit, Allal

AU - Al-Farsi, Khalil S.

AU - Al-Adawi, Samir

PY - 2014/4/17

Y1 - 2014/4/17

N2 - Background: Despite that hereditary diseases are widespread among the Arab population due to high rates of consanguineous marriages, research regarding community awareness towards premarital carrier screening in some countries such as Oman, is extremely scarce. This study aimed to investigate knowledge and attitude towards premarital carrier screening (PMCS) in Oman. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire which was distributed to 400 Omani adults aged 20-35 who attended primary healthcare institutions at the South Batinah Governorate in Oman. Results: The majority of the participants (84.5%) believed that PMCS was necessary, and about half of them (49.5%) supported the view of making PMCS compulsory. On the contrary, approximately one third (30.5%) of the participants reported that they were not in favor of taking the blood screening test. Overall, unwillingness to perform pre-marital testing was associated with female gender, younger age, being single, less education, and increased income. Conclusion: Despite the relatively high level of knowledge, about one third of the participants were still reluctant to carry out premarital testing. Such attitude calls for immediate need for community-based campaigns to encourage the public to do premarital testing.

AB - Background: Despite that hereditary diseases are widespread among the Arab population due to high rates of consanguineous marriages, research regarding community awareness towards premarital carrier screening in some countries such as Oman, is extremely scarce. This study aimed to investigate knowledge and attitude towards premarital carrier screening (PMCS) in Oman. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire which was distributed to 400 Omani adults aged 20-35 who attended primary healthcare institutions at the South Batinah Governorate in Oman. Results: The majority of the participants (84.5%) believed that PMCS was necessary, and about half of them (49.5%) supported the view of making PMCS compulsory. On the contrary, approximately one third (30.5%) of the participants reported that they were not in favor of taking the blood screening test. Overall, unwillingness to perform pre-marital testing was associated with female gender, younger age, being single, less education, and increased income. Conclusion: Despite the relatively high level of knowledge, about one third of the participants were still reluctant to carry out premarital testing. Such attitude calls for immediate need for community-based campaigns to encourage the public to do premarital testing.

KW - Hereditary diseases

KW - Oman

KW - Premarital carrier screening

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899944441&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84899944441&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-14-380

DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-14-380

M3 - Article

VL - 14

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

IS - 1

M1 - 380

ER -