A simple technique to improve the efficiency of furrow irrigation system

A. Al-Busaidi, M. Al-Abri, M. Ahmed

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Sultanate of Oman agriculture is almost fully dependent on groundwater. The traditional surface irrigation system such as furrow remains the most common irrigation technique covering almost 80% of the agricultural area. The system has low water use efficiency and enhances soil erosion. If the furrow system can be modified and improved to a level that can increase the efficiency and save water, significant benefits will occur. Therefore, the objective of this study was to modify the furrow system to a furrow bed system and evaluate its water use efficiency in comparison to the drip irrigation system. The experiment was conducted in plots of 2×3 m in the Agricultural Experiment Station of Sultan Qaboos University, Oman. Each plot had either a drip irrigation system or furrow bed of 60 cm width. The plots were divided randomly using complete block design with two treatments (water source was freshwater and treated wastewater and irrigation method was furrow bed and drip) and three replications. Wheat was sown and all required parameters for soil and plants were measured. Plants were irrigated daily by drippers or every five days by furrows based on crop evapotranspiration value. From soil salinity data, it was found that both methods added some salts to the root zone with less salts found in the furrow bed method due to the heavy leaching that occurred during irrigation. However, the general data did not show a significant difference (p

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationActa Horticulturae
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages103-110
Number of pages8
Volume1054
ISBN (Print)9789462610453
Publication statusPublished - Oct 22 2014

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume1054
ISSN (Print)05677572

Fingerprint

furrow irrigation
furrows
irrigation systems
Oman
irrigation
microirrigation
methodology
water use efficiency
salts
agricultural experiment stations
surface irrigation
emitters (equipment)
soil salinity
water treatment
soil erosion
evapotranspiration
wastewater
leaching
rhizosphere
groundwater

Keywords

  • Drip
  • Furrow bed
  • Treated wastewater
  • Water productivity
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Al-Busaidi, A., Al-Abri, M., & Ahmed, M. (2014). A simple technique to improve the efficiency of furrow irrigation system. In Acta Horticulturae (Vol. 1054, pp. 103-110). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1054). International Society for Horticultural Science.

A simple technique to improve the efficiency of furrow irrigation system. / Al-Busaidi, A.; Al-Abri, M.; Ahmed, M.

Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 1054 International Society for Horticultural Science, 2014. p. 103-110 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1054).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Al-Busaidi, A, Al-Abri, M & Ahmed, M 2014, A simple technique to improve the efficiency of furrow irrigation system. in Acta Horticulturae. vol. 1054, Acta Horticulturae, vol. 1054, International Society for Horticultural Science, pp. 103-110.
Al-Busaidi A, Al-Abri M, Ahmed M. A simple technique to improve the efficiency of furrow irrigation system. In Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 1054. International Society for Horticultural Science. 2014. p. 103-110. (Acta Horticulturae).
Al-Busaidi, A. ; Al-Abri, M. ; Ahmed, M. / A simple technique to improve the efficiency of furrow irrigation system. Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 1054 International Society for Horticultural Science, 2014. pp. 103-110 (Acta Horticulturae).
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