Background: Bevacizumab (BVZ) is a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor that has been widely accepted since its introduction into the cancer pharmacopoeia. Anecdotal reports suggested improvements in vision in children with visual pathway glioma. Case presentation: We report a boy with visual pathway glioma whose vision had deteriorated significantly on vincristine and carboplatin, to the point that he was registered blind. Following bevacizumab therapy, there was a dramatic improvement in vision with reduction in tumour volume. However, following 20 doses of BVZ given over 19 months, he developed a significant cerebrovascular stenosis. Conclusion: The BVZ-induced cerebrovascular diseases in children are extremely rare but potentially serious. Importantly, stenosis has not been previously described in literature.
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