The nutritional medium requirement for biosurfactant production by Bacillus licheniformis K51 was optimized. The important medium components, identified by the initial screening method of Plackett-Burman, were H3PO4, CaCl2, H3BO3, and Na-EDTA. Box-Behnken response surface methodology was applied to further optimize biosurfactant production. The optimal concentrations for higher production of biosurfactants were (g/l): glucose, 1.1; NaNO3, 4.4; MgSO4.7H2O, 0.8; KCl, 0.4; CaCl2, 0.27; H3PO4, 1.0 ml/l; and trace elements (mg/l): H3BO3, 0.25; CuSO4, 0.6; MnSO4, 2.2; Na2MoO4, 0.5; ZnSO4, 6.0; FeSO4, 8.0; CoCl2, 1.0; and Na-EDTA, 30.0. Using this statistical optimization method, the relative biosurfactant yield as critical micelle dilution (CMD) was increased from 10× to 105×, which is ten times higher than the non-optimized rich medium.
|الصفحات (من إلى)||313-319|
|دورية||Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology|
|حالة النشر||Published - فبراير 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas