Nanoporous carbon materials have been widely utilized for myriad applications owing to their intriguing physicochemical properties. Development of green and clean synthetic techniques/procedures to generate nanoporous carbon materials especially derived from inexpensive waste precursors/resources has rejuvenated the chemistry of carbon materials owing to the abundant nature and low cost of these sources and their ability to generate unique surface/porous structures. These nanoporous carbon materials have been heavily explored in multiple sectors such as soil/water remediation, adsorption and separation, catalysis, energy storage/conversion, capture and conversion of carbon dioxide. In this topical review, the recent state-of-the-art research progress achieved in the design and development of waste-derived advanced functionalized porous carbon materials are summarized. The various lab-specific approaches and methodologies involved in synthesizing these materials are discussed in detail. In addition, the potential applications of waste-derived functionalized porous carbons in the fields of environment, energy storage, and conversion applications are highlighted. Finally, a discussion on a few suggestions for future research is concluded. It is believed that this review provide inspiration for many new research activities over a wide range of disciplines.
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