Preparation of thin-film-composite polyamide membranes for desalination using novel hydrophilic surface modifying macromolecules

Belal J. Abu Tarboush, D. Rana, T. Matsuura*, H. A. Arafat, R. M. Narbaitz

*المؤلف المقابل لهذا العمل

نتاج البحث: المساهمة في مجلةArticleمراجعة النظراء

169 اقتباسات (Scopus)


A new concept for the preparation of thin-film-composite (TFC) reverse osmosis (RO) membrane by interfacial polymerization on porous polysulfone (PS) support using novel additives is reported. Hydrophilic surface modifying macromolecules (LSMM) were synthesized both ex situ by conventional method (cLSMM), and in situ within the organic solvent of the TFC system (iLSMM). The effects of these LSMMs on the fouling of the TFC RO membranes used in the desalination processes were studied. FTIR results indicated that both cLSMM and iLSMM were present in the active layer of the TFC membranes. SEM micrographs depicted that heterogeneity of the surface increases for TFC membranes compared to the control PS membrane, and that higher concentrations of LSMM provided smoother surface. AFM characteristic data presented that the surface roughness of the skin surface increases for TFC membranes compared to the control. The RO performance results showed that the addition of the cLSMM significantly decreased the salt rejection of the membrane and slightly reduced the flux, while in the case of the iLSMM, salt rejection was improved but the flux declined at different rates for different iLSMM concentrations. The membrane prepared by the iLSMM exhibited less flux decay over an extended operational period.

اللغة الأصليةEnglish
الصفحات (من إلى)166-175
عدد الصفحات10
دوريةJournal of Membrane Science
مستوى الصوت325
رقم الإصدار1
المعرِّفات الرقمية للأشياء
حالة النشرPublished - نوفمبر 15 2008

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