EU-GCC1 relations started thirty years ago, but proceeded very slowly. After the first agreement between the two institutions in 1998, the EU transformed, the GCC slowly changed, the international system dramatically converted and rules between two parties were amended by the ENP of the EU. Although both sides need each other, obstinate policies caused cessation of relations several times. According to some scholars, the GCC is becoming a periphery region for them, however the GCC still needs the EU as a first market in total trade. Bilateralism, cultural differences, the GCC’s loose integration and lack of EU leverage in the Gulf could be lined up as some reasons for the non-progressive relations. Recent developments such as Trump’s election, Brexit, the Qatar crisis, 5+1 Iran Nuclear Deal and Russia’s growing interest to the Gulf are affecting EU-GCC relations negatively. In this study, historical and recent developments and their effects on the EUGCC relations were examined; and lastly some alternative solutions are discussed.
|الصفحات (من إلى)||65-75|
|دورية||International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change|
|حالة النشر||Published - 2020|
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